[The Human Rights Library wishes to express its gratitude to the Institute Henry Dunant for its contribution of this document.]
The General Assembly,
' Recognizing ' the necessity of applying basic humanitarian principles in all armed conflicts, ' Taking note ' of resolution XXIII on human rights in armed conflicts, adopted on 12 May 1968 by the International Conference on Human Rights,
' Affirming ' that the provisions of that resolution need to be implemented effectively as soon as possible, 1. ' Affirms ' resolution XXVIII of the XXth International Conference of the Red Cross held at Vienna in 1965, which laid down, inter alia, the following principles for observance by all governmental and other authorities responsible for action in armed conflicts: (a) That the right of the parties to a conflict to adopt means of injuring the enemy is not unlimited;
(b) That it is prohibited to launch attacks against the civilian populations as such;
(c) That distinction must be made at all times between persons taking part in the hostilities and members of the civilian population to the effect that the latter be spared as much as possible;
2. ' Invites ' the Secretary-General, in consultation with the International Committee of the Red Cross and other appropriate international organizations, to study: (a) Steps which could be taken to secure the better application of existing humanitarian international conventions and rules in all armed conflicts; (b) The need for additional humanitarian international conventions or for other appropriate legal instruments to ensure the better protection of civilians, prisoners and combatants in all armed conflicts and the prohibition and limitation of the use of certain methods and means of warfare; 3. ' Requests ' the Secretary-General to take all other necessary steps to give effect to the provisions of the present resolution and to report to the General Assembly at its twenty-fourth session on the steps he has taken;
4. ' Further requests ' Member States to extend all possible assistance to the Secretary-General in the preparation of the study requested in paragraph 2 above; 5. ' Calls upon ' all States which have not yet done so to become parties to the Hague Conventions of 1899 and 1907, the Geneva Protocol of 1925 and the Geneva Conventions of 1949.